Crystallography is a branch of science that deals with discerning the arrangement and bonding of atoms in crystalline solids with the geometric structure of crystal lattices. Typically, the optical properties of crystals were of value in chemistry and mineralogy for the recognition of substances. Modern crystallography is basically based on the analysis of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals acting as optical gratings. Using X-ray crystallography, chemists are able to determine the internal structures and bonding arrangements of minerals and molecules, including the structures of large complex molecules, such as proteins and DNA.

  • X-ray Crystallography
  • Applications of Crystallography
  • Crystallography in Modren Chemistry
  • Surface Crystallography
  • Solid State Crystallography
  • Crystallography in Materials Science
  • Electron crystallography
  • Chemical Crystallography
  • Aperiodic Crystals
  • Fundamentals of Crystals
  • Crystallography of Quasicrystals
  • Protein Crystallography

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